Bigeye Yellow Snapper [Lutjanus lutjanus]

breams pieni

bream

The Bigeye snapper or Bigeye Yellow Snapper, Lutjanus lutjanus, is a snapper in the family Lutjanidae found in the Indian Ocean and tropical western Pacific Ocean at depths of up to 96 m.

Its color is silver white with a yellow stripe from the eye to base of caudal fin. The fins are yellow. It reaches a maximum length of 35 cm.

The bigeye snapper is a highly prized, commercially trawled fish and generally fetches a high price in the marketplace.

 Pictures: Papua, Indonesia by Sami Salmenkivi

Coral Shrimpfish [Aeoliscus strigatus]

x Coral Shrimpfish, Aeoliscus strigatus

Coral Shripfish Aeoliscus strigatus, also known as the razorfish, is a member of the family Centriscidae of the order Syngnathiformes. This unique fish adopts a head-down tail-up position as an adaptation for hiding among sea urchin spines. The razorfish is found in coastal waters in the Indo-Pacific, ranging from the central Indian Ocean to the Red Sea to Hawaii. Its natural habitat includes beds of sea grass and coral reefs, where sea urchins are found.

 Pictures: Raja Ampat, Papua, Indonesia by Sami Salmenkivi

Bigeye trevally [Caranx sexfasciatus]

x Bigeye Trevally, Caranx sexfasciatus

x Bigeye Jacks3

The bigeye trevallyCaranx sexfasciatus (also known as the bigeye jackgreat trevallysix-banded trevally and dusky jack), is a species of widespread large marine fish classified in the jack family Carangidae. The bigeye trevally is distributed throughout the tropical waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans, ranging from South Africa in the west to California and Ecuador in the east, including Australia to the south and Japan in the north. The bigeye trevally is best distinguished by its colouration, having a dark second dorsal fin with a white tip on the lobe, and also possessing a small dark spot on the operculum. Other more detailed anatomical features also set the species apart from other members of Caranx. The species is known to grow to a length of 120 cm and 18 kg.

 Pictures: Raja Ampat, Papua, Indonesia by Sami Salmenkivi

Needlefish

Needlefish is the family (Belonidae), but information on the different species cannot be found. But if you do know more, feel free to assist.

Needlefish (family Belonidae) are piscivorous fishes primarily associated with very deep marine habitats or the bottom of the open sea. Some genera include species found in marine, brackish, and freshwater environments (e.g., Strongylura) while a few genera are confined to freshwater rivers and streams, including Belonion, Potamorrhaphis, and Xenentodon. Needlefish closely resemble North American freshwater gars (family Lepisosteidae) in being elongate and having long, narrow jaws filled with sharp teeth, and some species of needlefish are referred to as gars or garfish despite being only distantly related to the true gars. Needlefish are in fact members of the Beloniformes and therefore most closely related to flying fish, sauries, and halfbeaks.

Picture: Pulau Redang, Malaysia by Sami Salmenkivi

Great barracuda [Sphyraena barracuda]

The Great Barracuda is a species of barracuda. Its binomial name is Sphyraena barracuda. Great barracudas often grow over 6ft long. The great barracuda is a type of ray-finned fish.

Barracudas are elongated fish with powerful jaws. The lower jaw of the large mouth juts out beyond the upper. Barracudas possess strong, fang-like teeth. These are unequal in size and set in sockets in the jaws on the roof of the mouth. The head is quite large and is pointed and pike-like in appearance. The gill-covers do not have spines and are covered with small scales. The two dorsal fins are widely separated, with the first having five spines and the second having one spine and nine soft rays. The second dorsal fin equals the anal fin in size and is situated more or less above it. The lateral line is prominent and extends straight from head to tail. The spinous dorsal fin is placed above the pelvics. The hind end of the caudal fin is forked or concave. It is set at the end of a stout peduncle. The pectoral fins are placed low down on the sides. The barracuda swim bladder is large.

In general, the barracuda’s coloration is dark green or grey above chalky-white below. This varies somewhat. Sometimes there is a row of darker cross-bars or black spots on each side. The fins may be yellowish or dusky.

Barracudas appear in open seas. They are voracious predators and hunt using a classic example of lie-in-wait or ambush. They rely on surprise and short bursts of speed (up to 27mph (43 km/h)[2]) to overrun their prey, sacrificing maneuverability. Barracudas are more or less solitary in their habits. Young and half-grown fish frequently congregate in shoals. Their food is composed almost totally of fishes of all kinds. Large barracudas, when gorged, may attempt to herd a shoal of prey fish in shallow water, where they guard over them until they are ready for another meal. (text source: wikipedia)

Picture: Cozumel, Mexico by Sami Salmenkivi

Jolthead porgy [Calamus bajonado]

The Sparidae is a family of fish, included in the order Perciformes. The fishes of the family are commonly called breams and porgies (North America). The sheepshead, scup, and red sea bream are species in this family. Silvery porgies are solitary and stay near the bottom where they feed on shellfish and crabs.

Wikipedia has no article on Jolthead porgy.

Picture: Cozumel, Mexico by Sami Salmenkivi