Fivelined Cardinalfish [Cheilodipterus quinquelineatus]

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Fivelined Cardinalfish, Cheilodipterus quinquelineatus has black stripes on white body and a distinct yellow tail with a black spot. Inhabits reef flats and lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of 40 m or more. Occurs singly or in small to large aggregations, taking shelter in dark crevices, branched coral, under ledges, and among the spines of Diadema setosum. Nocturnal species. Feeds on small crustaceans and gastropods, also on small fishes.

 Pictures: Papua, Indonesia by Sami Salmenkivi

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Orbiculate cardinalfish [Sphaeramia orbicularis]

cardinal fish

The Orbiculate cardinalfish, Sphaeramia orbicularis is a species of cardinalfish. It grows to about 10 centimeters total length, and has a thin, dark vertical ‘waistband’ with scattered dark spots toward the tail. It is found in coastal areas throughout much of the Indo-Pacific, including East Africa, Kiribati, the Ryukyu Islands, New Caledonia, Belau, and the eastern Caroline and Mariana Islands. The male incubates the eggs until they hatch. It eats mostly planktonic crustaceans, mainly at night. While it is not a common marine aquarium fish, it can be a good for beginners.

 Pictures: Papua, Indonesia by Sami Salmenkivi

Girdled cardinalfish [Archamia zosterophora]

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Archamia zosterophora is a Cardinalfish from the Western Pacific. It can be distinguished by two narrow vertical red stripes next to its gills and by a distinct small black dot at the base of its tail. It occasionally makes its way into the aquarium trade. It grows to a size of 8cm in length. (text: Wikipedia)

Pictures: Misool Islands, Raja Ampat, Papua, Indonesia by Sami Salmenkivi

Blackstripe cardinalfish [Apogon nigrofasciatus]

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Apogon nigrofasciatus is a Cardinalfish from the Indo-Pacific. A yellow-black striped fish. It occasionally makes its way into the aquarium trade. It grows to a size of 10cm in length. (text: Wikipedia)

Pictures: Misool Islands, Raja Ampat, Papua, Indonesia by Sami Salmenkivi

Ring-tailed cardinalfish [Apogon aureus]

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Ring-tailed cardinalfish, Apogon aureus. Red Sea and East Africa to Papua New Guinea, north to Japan, south to Australia. A coppery-coloured fish with a broad blackish bar at the base of the tail up to 14.5cm in length. The upper jaw has a narrow blue streak, and a broad blackish stripe extends from the front of the snout to the eye. Easily confused with Apogon fleurieu, where the black tail bar does not narrow in the centre, but unlike this species the stripe is also present in juveniles.

Inhabits holes in rocks or under ledges in shallow waters. Known to occur in mixed aggregates with Apogon apogonoides during summer and autumn, but form separate aggregates in winter and spring.(text source: Wikipedia)

Pictures: Misool Islands, Raja Ampat, Papua, Indonesia by Sami Salmenkivi