Fire Dartfish [Nemateleotris magnifica]

dartfish

The Fire Goby, Fire Fish, Fire Dartfish, or Red Fire Goby is a marine dartfish. This fish is most commonly found near the substrate of the upper reef in tropical marine waters. These waters include the Indo-Pacific, Central Pacific, east African waters, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, New Caledonia, and Pitcairn Islands.[1] They swim as deep below the surface as 70 meters, and usually hover directly above the ocean floor, facing the current to catch their prey.[1] They eat mostly copepods, zooplankton, and crustacean larvae. They usually have a bright yellow head, merging into a white body, gradually shading into a red-orange tail. Their dorsal fins are very long, and the fish flicks it back and forth. This is used as a signal to conspecifics. As a full grown adult, it reaches a maximum length of 9 centimeters (3 in). Adults occupy sandy burrows alone or in pairs, while the juveniles live in small groups. These fish are monogamous. They will retreat to burrows if threatened.

 Pictures: Phillipines by Sami Salmenkivi

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Pellucita Pygmy Goby [Eviota pellucida]

00 Pellucita pygmy goby, Eviota pellucida

Eviota pellucida is a Goby from the Eastern Indian Ocean and parts of the western pacific. It can be found at depths of 3-20m. It reaches a maximum size of 3 cm in length. Its body is a transparent orange/red colour, with a yellow/gold line stretching from its head the base of its tail, one on its side stretching through its eye to 2/3 of the way down its body, and two lines over its head. All lines originate near the upper lip. A white line along the stomach is also present.

 Pictures: Raja Ampat, Papua, Indonesia by Sami Salmenkivi

Black Coral Goby [Bryaninops tigris]

00 Black Coral Goby, Bryaninops tigris

Bryaninops (commonly known as sea whip gobies) is a tropical Indo-Pacific genus of gobies. The genus takes its common name from the fact that it is commensal on gorgonians (commonly known as sea whips) and black coral. The genus is further characterised by cryptic colouration.

 Pictures: Raja Ampat, Papua, Indonesia by Sami Salmenkivi