golden trevally [Gnathanodon speciosus]

00 Golden Trevally, Gnathanodon speciosus

The golden trevallyGnathanodon speciosus (also known as the golden kingfishbanded trevally and king trevally), is a species of large marine fish classified in the jack and horse mackerel family Carangidae, and the only member of the genus Gnathanodon. The golden trevally is widely distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans, ranging from South Africa in the west to Central America in the east, extending to Japan in the north and Australia in the south. The species predominantly occupies inshore waters where it inhabits both reef and sandy substrates. The golden trevally is easily distinguished from its relatives by its fleshy, rubbery lips and unique colouration, which ranges from bright yellow with black bars as a juvenile to a golden-silvery colour as an adult. It is known to grow to 120 cm in length and 15 kg in weight. The golden trevally schools as a juvenile, often closely following larger objects including sharks and jellyfish. The species uses its protractile jaws to suck out prey from the sand or reef, and consumes a variety of fish, crustaceans and molluscs. Spawning aggregations gather at night at different times of the year throughout its range.

 Pictures: Raja Ampat, Papua, Indonesia by Sami Salmenkivi


Bigeye trevally [Caranx sexfasciatus]

x Bigeye Trevally, Caranx sexfasciatus

x Bigeye Jacks3

The bigeye trevallyCaranx sexfasciatus (also known as the bigeye jackgreat trevallysix-banded trevally and dusky jack), is a species of widespread large marine fish classified in the jack family Carangidae. The bigeye trevally is distributed throughout the tropical waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans, ranging from South Africa in the west to California and Ecuador in the east, including Australia to the south and Japan in the north. The bigeye trevally is best distinguished by its colouration, having a dark second dorsal fin with a white tip on the lobe, and also possessing a small dark spot on the operculum. Other more detailed anatomical features also set the species apart from other members of Caranx. The species is known to grow to a length of 120 cm and 18 kg.

 Pictures: Raja Ampat, Papua, Indonesia by Sami Salmenkivi

Horse-Eye Jack [Caranx latus]


The Horse-eye Jack, Caranx latus, is a gamefish and minor commercial fish in the family Carangidae. It is also known as the Big-eye jack, and is similar in appearance to the Crevalle jack, although the head of a Horse-eye jack is not as blunt. Horse-eye jack are known to feed on smaller fish and on many invertebrates such as shrimp and crab.

Horse-eye jack are commonly found in the subtropical Atlantic ocean from Bermuda and the northern Gulf of Mexico south to Rio de Janero. In the Eastern Atlantic, they are found from St. Paul’s Rocks to Ascension Island and, rarely, the Gulf of Guinea. Horse-eye jack are pelagic. They can be found on reefs and off shore rigs. Juveniles can be found close to shore along sandy and muddy bottoms. Horse-eye jack are known to penetrate brackish water and can live in the mouths of some rivers. They are typically found in salt water up to 140m  in depth [description: Wikipedia]

   Picture: Cozumel, Mexico by Sami Salmenkivi