Gray angelfish [Pomacanthus arcuatus]

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The Gray angelfish, Pomacanthus arcuatus, is a large angelfish of the family Pomacanthidae, found in the western Atlantic from New England to the vicinity of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and also the Bahamas, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean, including the Antilles, at depths of between 2 and 30 m. Length is up to 60 cm.

The gray angelfish is common in coral reefs, usually solitary, occasionally in pairs. Juveniles are part-time cleaners. It feeds mainly on sponges, but also takes tunicates, algae, zoantharians, gorgonians, hydroids, bryozoans, and seagrasses. Its flesh is reported to be of excellent quality and it is marketed fresh and salted. It is friendly toward divers and has been reared in captivity.
Coloration is pale gray around the mouth, with a pale gray margin on the caudal fin. The inside of the pectoral fin is yellow. Juveniles are black with two light yellow bars on the body and three on the head; the caudal fin is yellow with a vertically elongate, nearly rectangular or hemispherical black spot in the middle.
Reproduction is oviparous and members of this species are monogamous. (text: Wikipedia)

Pictures: Cozumel, Mexico by Sami Salmenkivi

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Queen Angelfish [Holacanthus ciliaris]

mexico-queen-angelfish

The Queen Angelfish, Holacanthus ciliaris, is an angelfish commonly found near reefs in the warmer sections of the western Atlantic Ocean.

The adult Queen angelfish overall body color can be described as blue to bluegreen with yellow rims on its scales. Their pectoral fins and ventral fins are also yellow but their lips and the edges of their dorsal fins and anal fins are dark blue. Queen angelfish are also known to have blue markings around each gill cover. Juveniles have dark blue bodies with yellow lips, gills, and tail and vertical bars ranging in color from light blue to white. The Queen Angelfish may live up to 15 yrs in the wild and reach up to 45 centimetres in length.

The Queen Angelfish feeds primarily on sponges, but also feeds on tunicates, jellyfish, and corals as well as plankton and algae. Juveniles serve as “cleaners” and feed on the parasites of larger fish at cleaning stations. Although in home aquariums, aquarists have been successful in providing the Queen Angelfish a diet of meaty and algae based foods

Queen Angelfish inhabit reefs and are common near Florida, the Bahamas, and the Gulf of Mexico. It is rarely seen in the Bermuda Triangle and as far south as Brazil.

The adults are found in pairs year round, perhaps suggesting a long-term monogamous bond. The pairs reproduce by rising up in the water, bringing their bellies close together, and release clouds of sperm and eggs. The female can release anywhere from 25 to 75 thousand eggs each evening and as many as ten million eggs during each spawning cycle. The eggs are transparent, buoyant, and pelagic, floating in the water column. They hatch after 15 to 20 hours into larvae that lack effective eyes, fins, or even a gut. The large yolk sac is absorbed after 48 hours, during which time the larvae develop normal characteristics of free swimming fish. Larvae are found in the water column and feed on plankton. The larvae grow rapidly and about 3-4 weeks after hatching the 15-20mm long juvenile settles on the bottom. (Text: Wikipedia)

Pictures: Cozumel, Mexico by Sami Salmenkivi

French angelfish [Pomacanthus paru]

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adult

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intermediate

The French angelfish, Pomacanthus paru, is a large angelfish of the family Pomacanthidae, found in the western Atlantic from Florida and the Bahamas to Brazil, and also the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean, including the Antilles, and the eastern Atlantic from around Ascension Island and St. Paul’s Rocks, at depths of between 2 and 100 m. Length is up to 41 cm.

The French angelfish is common in shallow reefs, usually in pairs, often near sea fans. It feeds on sponges, algae, bryozoans, zoantharians, gorgonians and tunicates. Juveniles tend cleaning stations where they service a broad range of clients, including jacks, snappers, morays, grunts, surgeonfishes, and wrasses. At the station the cleaner displays a fluttering swimming and when cleaning it touches the clients with its pelvic fins.

Coloration in adults is black, the scales of the body, except those at the front from nape to abdomen, being rimmed with golden yellow; a broad orange-yellow bar at pectoral absent; dorsal filament yellow; chin whitish; outer part of iris yellow; eye narrowly rimmed below with blue. Juveniles are black with vertical yellow bands.
Reproduction is oviparous and these species are monogamous. Spawning pairs are strongly territorial, with usually both members vigorously defending their areas against neighboring pairs.

Pictures: Cozumel, Mexico by Sami Salmenkivi

Rock beauty [Holacanthus tricolor]

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The Rock beauty, Holacanthus tricolor, is a species of marine angelfish of the family Pomacanthidae, found in the western Atlantic from Georgia, United States, Bermuda, and the northern Gulf of Mexico to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, at depths of between 3 and 92 m. Its length is up to 35 cm.
The rock beauty is inhabits rock jetties, rocky reefs and rich coral areas. Juveniles are often associated with fire corals. It feeds on tunicates, sponges, zoantharians and algae.
Coloration of the front of the body is yellow; the remaining parts of body, dorsal fin, and the front of anal fin are black. The caudal fin is entirely yellow. The front margin of the anal fin and edge of the gill cover are orange; bright blue on the upper and lower part of the iris. The young of about an inch in length are entirely yellow except for a blue-edged black spot on the upper side of the body posterior to the midpoint; with growth, the black spot soon expands to become the large black area covering most of the body and dorsal and anal fins. (text: Wikipedia)

Pictures: Utila, Honduras by Sami Salmenkivi

Emperor angelfish [Pomacanthus imperator]

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Raja Ampat, Indonesia (notice the pointy upper fin)

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Cozumel, Mexico (smooth upper fin)

The Emperor angelfish, Pomacanthus imperator, is a species of marine angelfish. It is a reef-associated fish, native to the Indian and Pacific Oceans, from the Red Sea to Hawaii and the Austral Islands.

Juveniles are dark blue with electric blue and white rings; adults have yellow and blue stripes, with black around the eyes. It takes about four years for an emperor angelfish to acquire its adult colouring. They grow to 40 cm in length. (text source: Wikipedia)

Pictures:  Papua, Indonesia and Cozumel, Mexico by Sami Salmenkivi