Yellowtail fusilier [Caesio cuning]

1 Caesio cuning Yellowtail fusilier

Yellowtail fusilier, Caesio cuning. Upper body if not yellow, grayish blue; lower sides and belly white or pinkish. Pectoral, pelvic and anal fins white to pink. Large yellow tail. Dorsal fin yellow posteriorly and grayish blue anteriorly. Length usually at 35 cm.

 Pictures: Papua, Indonesia by Sami Salmenkivi


Dark-Banded Fusilier [Pterocaesio tile]


x Mikes pikkukalat

Pterocaesio tile, common name Dark-banded fusilier, Blue-streak Fusilier, Bartail fusilier and Neon Fusilier, is a fish belonging to the family Caesionidae. Pterocaesio tile can reach a length of 25 centimetres (9.8 in). The back of the body is dark blue, while the flanks show a bluish green strike with a black stripe along the lateral line. The lower third of the body varies from white to pinkish. The lower half of the body turns bright red at night (hence the common name Neon Fusilier). It is oviparous and non-migratory. Pterocaesio tile feeds on zooplankton and is relatively rare.

 Pictures: Top: Australia, Bottom: Papua, Indonesia by Sami Salmenkivi

Spottailed Squirrelfish [Sargocentron caudimaculatum]

soldier fish

Spottailed Squirrelfish or Silverspot Squirrelfish, Sargocentron caudimaculatum is one of the most common of the squirrelfishes that occurs in outer reef areas, also encountered in lagoons and drop-offs from less than 2 to 40 m; either solitary or in groups. Nocturnal, feeds mainly on benthic crabs and shrimps.

 Pictures: Papua, Indonesia by Sami Salmenkivi

Fivelined Cardinalfish [Cheilodipterus quinquelineatus]

small fish 3

Fivelined Cardinalfish, Cheilodipterus quinquelineatus has black stripes on white body and a distinct yellow tail with a black spot. Inhabits reef flats and lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of 40 m or more. Occurs singly or in small to large aggregations, taking shelter in dark crevices, branched coral, under ledges, and among the spines of Diadema setosum. Nocturnal species. Feeds on small crustaceans and gastropods, also on small fishes.

 Pictures: Papua, Indonesia by Sami Salmenkivi

Orbiculate cardinalfish [Sphaeramia orbicularis]

cardinal fish

The Orbiculate cardinalfish, Sphaeramia orbicularis is a species of cardinalfish. It grows to about 10 centimeters total length, and has a thin, dark vertical ‘waistband’ with scattered dark spots toward the tail. It is found in coastal areas throughout much of the Indo-Pacific, including East Africa, Kiribati, the Ryukyu Islands, New Caledonia, Belau, and the eastern Caroline and Mariana Islands. The male incubates the eggs until they hatch. It eats mostly planktonic crustaceans, mainly at night. While it is not a common marine aquarium fish, it can be a good for beginners.

 Pictures: Papua, Indonesia by Sami Salmenkivi

Fire Dartfish [Nemateleotris magnifica]


The Fire Goby, Fire Fish, Fire Dartfish, or Red Fire Goby is a marine dartfish. This fish is most commonly found near the substrate of the upper reef in tropical marine waters. These waters include the Indo-Pacific, Central Pacific, east African waters, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, New Caledonia, and Pitcairn Islands.[1] They swim as deep below the surface as 70 meters, and usually hover directly above the ocean floor, facing the current to catch their prey.[1] They eat mostly copepods, zooplankton, and crustacean larvae. They usually have a bright yellow head, merging into a white body, gradually shading into a red-orange tail. Their dorsal fins are very long, and the fish flicks it back and forth. This is used as a signal to conspecifics. As a full grown adult, it reaches a maximum length of 9 centimeters (3 in). Adults occupy sandy burrows alone or in pairs, while the juveniles live in small groups. These fish are monogamous. They will retreat to burrows if threatened.

 Pictures: Phillipines by Sami Salmenkivi