Rock beauty [Holacanthus tricolor]


The Rock beauty, Holacanthus tricolor, is a species of marine angelfish of the family Pomacanthidae, found in the western Atlantic from Georgia, United States, Bermuda, and the northern Gulf of Mexico to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, at depths of between 3 and 92 m. Its length is up to 35 cm.
The rock beauty is inhabits rock jetties, rocky reefs and rich coral areas. Juveniles are often associated with fire corals. It feeds on tunicates, sponges, zoantharians and algae.
Coloration of the front of the body is yellow; the remaining parts of body, dorsal fin, and the front of anal fin are black. The caudal fin is entirely yellow. The front margin of the anal fin and edge of the gill cover are orange; bright blue on the upper and lower part of the iris. The young of about an inch in length are entirely yellow except for a blue-edged black spot on the upper side of the body posterior to the midpoint; with growth, the black spot soon expands to become the large black area covering most of the body and dorsal and anal fins. (text: Wikipedia)

Pictures: Utila, Honduras by Sami Salmenkivi


Sergeant Major [Abudefduf saxatilis]

The Sergeant Major or píntano (Abudefduf saxatilis, family Pomacentridae) is a large, colourful damselfish. It earns its name from its brightly striped sides, which are reminiscent of the insignia of a military Sergeant Major. It grows to a length of about 15cm (6 inches).

The fish feed upon the larvae of invertebrates, zooplankton, smaller fish, crustaceans and various species of algae. They are preyed upon by some members of the Labridae and Serranidae families. They lay their eggs in patches on a firm substrate and guard them vigorously until they hatch.

Sergeant majors are found throughout the tropical reaches of the Atlantic, including off the south coast of the United States, Central America, eastern South America and western Africa. They are often found on coral reefs at depths of between 1 and 12 meters. (text source: wikipedia)

Picture1: Utila, Honduras, picture2: Red Sea, Egypt by Sami Salmenkivi

Yellowtail snapper [Ocyurus chrysurus]

The yellowtail snapper, Ocyurus chrysurus, is an abundant species of snapper found along the North American coast of the Atlantic Ocean. Although they have been found as far north as Massachusetts, their normal range is along Florida down through the West Indies and Brazil.

In certain reefs, most notably in the Florida Keys, this beautifully colored fish is commonly spotted among divers and snorkelers. The yellow tailed snapper is also a popular and abundant game fish that makes excellent table fare. Yellowtail feed on shrimp, crabs, worms and smaller fish. They spawn in groups off the edge of reefs from spring to fall, but heavily in midsummer. (text source: wikipedia)

Picture: Utila, Honduras by Sami Salmenkivi

Atlantic blue tang surgeonfish [Acanthurus coeruleus]

Acanthurus coeruleus (also known as the Atlantic blue tang surgeonfish or the Atlantic blue tang) is a surgeonfish found commonly in the Atlantic Ocean. It can grow up to 16 inches (41 cm) long. (source: wikipedia)

Picture: Utila, Honduras by Sami Salmenkivi