Arabian Angelfish [Pomacanthus asfur]


The Arabian angelfish, Pomacanthus asfur is a fish well known for its use in saltwater aquariums, even though it tends to be a shyer specimen compared to the other, sometimes aggressive, angelfish. The mother will lay the eggs in a scattered pattern so that the young wont fight for food and territory. (text: Wikipedia)

Pictures: Red Sea, Egypt by Sami Salmenkivi


Variegated Lizardfish [Synodus variegatus]







The variegated lizardfish, Synodus variegatus, is a lizardfish of the family Synodontidae, found in the western Pacific and Indian Ocean, at depths from 4 m to 90 m. It can reach a maximum length of 40cm.
The variegated lizardfish is rounded in cross-section with a broad moderately flattened head containing a large wide mouth. The jaws protrude equally. Both jaws and all the mouth bones are covered with conical barbed teeth. The strong thick pelvic fins serve as props when the fish is resting on the bottom waiting for prey. Variegated lizardfish vary in color from grey to red hourglass shaped markings.

Picture: Great Barrier Reef, Australia and Dahab, Egypt by Sami Salmenkivi

Scirrortail sergeant [Abudefduf sexfasciatus]

female (male has yellow between stripes)

The Scissortail sergeant or Striptailed damselfish (Abudefduf sexfasciatus, family Pomacentridae) is a large damselfish. It earns its name from the black striped tail and sides, which are reminiscent of the insignia of a military Sergeant, being similar to those of the Sergeant Major damselfish. It grows to a length of about 16 cm (6 in).

Scissortail seargents are coral reef dwelling fish, living at depths of up to 15 m (50 ft) in tropical reaches, often living in a group surrounding a single head of coral. They are found on reefs in the Indo-Pacific area. The fish feed upon the larvae of invertebrates, zooplankton, smaller fishes, crustaceans and various species of algae. They are preyed upon by some members of the Labridae and Serranidae families. They lay their eggs in patches on a firm substrate and guard them vigorously until they hatch. (Text source: Wikipedia)

Picture: Ras Abu Galoum, Dahab, Egypt by Sami Salmenkivi

Dusky Sweeper [Pempheris adusta]

Sweepers are small, tropical marine (occasionally brackish) perciform fish of the family Pempheridae. Found in the western Atlantic Ocean and Indo-Pacific region, the family contains approximately 26 species in two genera.

Deeply keeled, compressed bodies and large eyes typify sweepers, their form somewhat like hatchetfish; both cycloid and ctenoid scales may be present. The small, short dorsal fin begins before the body’s midpoint and may have 4-7 spines; the anal fin is extensive and usually has 3 spines. The mouth is subterminal and strongly oblique.

Some species possess photophores. All but the curved sweeper (Pempheris poeyi) possess a gas bladder. The largest species is the common bullseye (Pempheris multiradiata) at 28 centimetres in length; most other species measure 16 centimetres or less.

Characteristically shallow water, schooling fish (especially as juveniles), sweepers are nocturnal and seek shelter under ledges or in the caves, nooks and crannies of reefs or eroded, rocky shorelines during the day. They are often found sharing these hiding places with cardinalfishes and bigeyes, fellow nightowls. At night, sweepers forage for zooplankton, their primary food items.
(text source: Wikipedia)

Picture: Ras Mohammed, Red Sea, Egypt by Sami Salmenkivi

Red Sea Clownfish [Amphiprion bicinctus]

The Red Sea clownfish or two-banded clownfish or anemonefish, Amphiprion bicinctus, meaning “both sawlike with two stripes” is a clownfish of the family Pomacentridae.Length up to 14 cm, background colour yellow-orange with two black-edged white bands. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean, the Red Sea, and the Chagos archipelago. (Text source: Wikipedia)

Picture: Ras Nasrani, Red Sea, Egypt by Sami Salmenkivi